Monday, 4 July 2016

Data Warehouse Tips

Sr.No.Data Warehouse (OLAP)Operational Database(OLTP)
1It involves historical processing of information.It involves day-to-day processing.
2OLAP systems are used by knowledge workers such as executives, managers, and analysts.OLTP systems are used by clerks, DBAs, or database professionals.
3It is used to analyze the business.It is used to run the business.
4It focuses on Information out.It focuses on Data in.
5It is based on Star Schema, Snowflake Schema, and Fact Constellation Schema.It is based on Entity Relationship Model.
6It focuses on Information out.It is application oriented.
7It contains historical data.It contains current data.
8It provides summarized and consolidated data.It provides primitive and highly detailed data.
9It provides summarized and multidimensional view of data.It provides detailed and flat relational view of data.
10The number of users is in hundreds.The number of users is in thousands.
11The number of records accessed is in millions.The number of records accessed is in tens.
12The database size is from 100GB to 100 TB.The database size is from 100 MB to 100 GB.
13These are highly flexible.It provides high performance.

Data Warehouse Features

The key features of a data warehouse are discussed below:
  • Subject Oriented - A data warehouse is subject oriented because it provides information around a subject rather than the organization's ongoing operations. These subjects can be product, customers, suppliers, sales, revenue, etc. A data warehouse does not focus on the ongoing operations, rather it focuses on modelling and analysis of data for decision making.
  • Integrated - A data warehouse is constructed by integrating data from heterogeneous sources such as relational databases, flat files, etc. This integration enhances the effective analysis of data.
  • Time Variant - The data collected in a data warehouse is identified with a particular time period. The data in a data warehouse provides information from the historical point of view.
  • Non-volatile - Non-volatile means the previous data is not erased when new data is added to it. A data warehouse is kept separate from the operational database and therefore frequent changes in operational database is not reflected in the data warehouse.
Note: A data warehouse does not require transaction processing, recovery, and concurrency controls, because it is physically stored and separate from the operational database.

Data Warehouse Applications

As discussed before, a data warehouse helps business executives to organize, analyze, and use their data for decision making. A data warehouse serves as a sole part of a plan-execute-assess "closed-loop" feedback system for the enterprise management. Data warehouses are widely used in the following fields:
  • Financial services
  • Banking services
  • Consumer goods
  • Retail sectors
  • Controlled manufacturing

Types of Data Warehouse

Information processing, analytical processing, and data mining are the three types of data warehouse applications that are discussed below:
  • Information Processing - A data warehouse allows to process the data stored in it. The data can be processed by means of querying, basic statistical analysis, reporting using crosstabs, tables, charts, or graphs.
  • Analytical Processing - A data warehouse supports analytical processing of the information stored in it. The data can be analyzed by means of basic OLAP operations, including slice-and-dice, drill down, drill up, and pivoting.
  • Data Mining - Data mining supports knowledge discovery by finding hidden patterns and associations, constructing analytical models, performing classification and prediction. These mining results can be presented using the visualization tools.

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